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Using Multiple Indicators

06/22/00 11:12:50 AM
by Han Kim

Using a combination of indicators can help in confirming buy and sell signals.

Security:   PG
Position:   N/A

Most technical analysts use more than one indicator to confirm their buy and sell signals. Given the number of indicators available, it can be a chore to select an effective combination. I have found the following three indicators to work well together:
1) the 2-line moving average crossover
2) the relative strength indicator (RSI)
3) the horizontal support and resistance line

This combination is in line with my trading strategy which is to find securities with short-term growth potential, determine if it is oversold/overbought and its upside/downside potential.

Here's how each indicator works:

  • The 2-line moving average plots the average price over a given period of time and provides a signal when the two moving averages cross. It is bullish when the fast moving average crosses above the slower one, and bearish when it crosses below it.
  • The RSI measures overbought/oversold levels for a given period of time. It is measured on a scale of one to 100. When the RSI is above 70, it is considered overbought and indicates the potential for prices rising higher is low. When the RSI is below 30, it is considered oversold suggesting that prices are close to their low.
  • The horizontal support/resistance line are areas of highs or lows in trading ranges. They may be used as guides to enter or exit your positions.

  • I am going to apply my three indicators to Proctor & Gamble Co. (PG). First, I check the RSI to see if it's oversold or overbought. It's currently at 27.28, under the 30 level which indicates an oversold condition.

    Proctor & Gamble Co. (PG) is oversold, but it may be bottoming out.
    Graphic provided by: TradeStation.
    Next, I check the support and resistance levels. The horizontal support seems to be right around 54. The horizontal support line gives me and idea of how low the price might go before it starts to go up.

    Finally, I want to get in when the security shows a positive trend. The 2-line moving average crossover helps in determining this. Right now the fast moving average is below the slow moving average which generates a sell signal. I will have to wait till the faster one crosses above the slower one and if at the time the other indicators signal a buy I'll place my order. To protect myself from losses I would set a stop order slightly below the horizontal support line. Since the price is currently at 55, I'm risking a little over 1.8%. You could try to get in at a lower price to reduce the risk level but the price may not get to your level.

    The risk can be calculated like this:

    SOP = Stop Order Price
    CP = Current Price

    Risk % = (1 - (SOP / CP)) * 100

    Han Kim Advantage Staff Writer

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    Comments or Questions? Article Usefulness
    5 (most useful)
    1 (least useful)


    Date: / /Rank: Comment: would be great to see more on elliot wave, gann fans, fibb. techniques, etc....
    Date: / /Rank: 4Comment: Have ben using multiple indicators for 30 years. RSI is OK, but RS is much better.
    Date: / /Rank: 5Comment: Thank you for the insightful article. How do you determine which type of weighting to utilize with the short and long term moving average (ie.,regular,exponential,time weighted, varriable weighted,triangular weighting etc.??) Also, how do you determine the best periods to utilize with the short and long term moving averages (ie,9/14.,14/28.,etc). Your insight on this would be greatly appreciated
    Date: / /Rank: Comment: The buy and sell signal generates from 2 lines moving average crossover comes late and sometimes gives a false signal. That way we have to consider to use others indicators, such as Bollinger Bands or others envelope.

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