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SUPPORT & RESISTANCE


Broken Triangles, Broken Trendlines

05/11/05 01:27:58 PM
by David Penn

Ascending triangles with downside breaks! Long-term resistance becomes intraday support! Dogs and cats living together!

Security:   $SPX
Position:   N/A

Ascending triangles, consolidations in which prices are bound by a set of converging trendlines with one of those trendlines representing a horizontal resistance level, and the other upwardly sloped support, lead to breakouts to the upside.

Except when they don't.


Figure 1: $SPX. Surprisingly breaking out to the downside from this ascending triangle, the $SPX nevertheless reaches a minimum downside price objective based on the width of the consolidation at its widest part.
Graphic provided by: Prophet Financial, Inc.
 
Even though ascending triangles tend to be one of the more reliable patterns in terms of regularly producing a break to the upside, the markets will certainly do what they will do. And in this instance, what they chose to do was collapse. Interestingly enough, the triangle did accurately tip traders off to the minimum move to be expected once the pattern was broken. The problem, I'm guessing, was that the majority was betting on the long side.

Let's take a closer look at the breakdown. The ascending triangle measured about 11 %BE at its widest point. Subtracting that amount from the value at the breakout (1170) gives a downside minimum objective of 1158 %BC. As the chart of the Standard & Poor's 500 index in Figure 1 shows, the $SPX fell to as low as 1157.71 before snapping back sharply.


What is the cause of such a sharp snapback? Those unfortunately caught short during that updraft will probably blame an unidentified aircraft that flew into restricted airspace above the White House on May 11, precipitating a precautionary evacuation. However, market technicians might note instead that the breakdown from the triangle--and the subsequent snapback bounce--came courtesy of a longer-term downtrend line that, with today's action, just turned into support.

Figure 2: $SPX. Once broken, the downtrend line that has guided the market lower in 2005 turned into a level of support for a pullback in May.
Graphic provided by: Prophet Financial, Inc.
 
Given the way the market has behaved of late, this resistance-turned-support is a boon for the bulls. While subsequent price action will be key, the way the market attempted to move lower and was repelled by the now-supportive trendline was worth a great deal to those building a case for higher stock prices.



David Penn

Technical Writer for Technical Analysis of STOCKS & COMMODITIES magazine, Working-Money.com, and Traders.com Advantage.

Title: Technical Writer
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