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Article Archive For Keyword: by Toby Crabel

  • 2-bar NR and ORB by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...2-bar NR and ORB by Toby Crabel Markets are in a constant state of flux; they are continuously shifting from movement to rest and back to movement again. This interchange is never ending -- from contraction to expansion to contraction -- with one phase di

  • Inside day patterns in the S&P by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...Inside day patterns in the S&P by Toby Crabel Computer studies suggest that inside days-- where the high is lower than the previous ! day's high and the low is higher than the previous day's low-- provide very reliable t entries in the S&P 500 futures mar

  • Opening Range Breakout Part 3 by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...Opening Range Breakout Part 3 by Toby Crabel In the opening range breakout technique, the heralds of an upcoming trend day are often inside days, narrow range days and hook days (see Stocks & Commodities, September and October 1988). I also have run acr

  • Opening Range Breakout Part 6 by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...Opening Range Breakout Part 6 by Toby Crabel Two price chart patterns -- the inside day (ID) and the four-day narrowing range (NR 4) -- have proven to be reliable predecessors of trending action that can be profitably traded with an opening range breakout

  • Opening Range Breakout Part 7 by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...Opening Range Breakout Part 7 by Toby Crabel Bear hook is a day in which the open is below the previous day's low and the close is above the previous day's close with a narrow range relative to the previous day (Figure 1). As implied by the name, there

  • Opening Range Breakout Part 8 by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...Opening Range Breakout Part 8 by Toby Crabel The bull hook pattern, as suggested by its name, is a bullish indication and, in most cases, will be followed by a price move to the upside on the day or days following the hook. However, as you will see from

  • Opening range breakout Part 4 by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...Opening range breakout Part 4 by Toby Crabel Opening range breakout is a trade in which entry is taken at a predetermined amount above or below the opening range. I've set this predetermined amount (the ""stretch"") through observation. (See Stocks & Co

  • Opening range breakout Part 5 by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...Opening range breakout Part 5 by Toby A. Crabel A trade taken at a predetermined amount above or below the opening price of a given day is called an opening range breakout (ORB).A narrow range four pattern (NR 4) is a day with a daily range that is narr

  • Opening range breakout: early entry Part 2 by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...Opening range breakout: early entry Part 2 by Toby Crabel Early entry is defined as a large price movement in one direction within the first five minutes after the open of the daily session. A study of early entry is essentially a study of price action,

  • Playing the opening range breakout Part 1 by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...Playing the opening range breakout Part 1 by Toby Crabel Opening range breakout is one of the most important indicators of daily market direction that a trader can utilize. An opening range breakout (ORB) is a trade taken at a predetermined amount abov

  • Price pattern studies Part 1 by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...Price pattern studies Part 1 by Toby Crabel Do prices tend to move consistently in one direction from open to close, given the previous day's price pattern, and do these patterns of intraday bias lend themselves to profitable trading systems? To answer

  • Price patterns in soybeans by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...Price patterns in soybeans by Toby Crabel In my search to determine whether price patterns signal the next day's market direction, I have tested all combinations of four closing prices followed by either a higher or lower open the day after the last clo

  • The Principle Of Contraction/Expansion by Toby Crabel, CTA

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...The Principle Of Contraction/Expansion by Toby Crabel, CTA I define the principle of contraction/expansion as the market phenomenon of change from a period of rest to a period of movement back to a period of rest. This interaction between the phases of

  • Trading close-to-close patterns by Toby Crabel

    ARTICLE SYNOPSIS...Trading close-to-close patterns by Toby Crabel Do the relationships between day-to-day closing prices predict the next day's price moves and, if so, is it possible to isolate these profitable chart patterns and incorporate them as entry signals in a lar






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